Image: Daniel Zedda
As photographers, we all know the importance of paying attention to the backgrounds in our compositions, but how much thought do you give to your foregrounds?
The foreground, like the background, is an important part of the photo. The foreground serves as an introduction to an image, helping to set the stage, so to speak, for the rest of the photo. It’s the first thing that grabs our attention, and leads us into the scene.
A great foreground can transform a flat, one-dimensional composition into an engaging image that’s full of depth and dimension –one that looks more true to life.
If you’re looking to take your photography to the next level and create amazing images that are full of visual interest, here’s how you can use foreground elements to enhance your photos.
Look for Leading Lines
Image: Ian Sane
Leading lines are an excellent compositional element. Including leading lines that start in the foreground, and continue off into the distance is a great way to add a sense of depth and distance to an image. Look for bridges, fences, rivers, fallen logs –or other elements that make great lines. Keep in mind though, that leading lines aren’t always literal lines, they can also be points of interest that grab your attention and lead your eyes through the photo.
Set the Context
Image: Jonathan Combe
You can use the foreground to help set the stage for the composition. A great foreground will introduce you to a scene, and help the image to come alive. For example, instead of photographing a flat image of a sunset over the sea, add some foreground to help set the context and add depth to the photo. Look to include some sea grass, driftwood, boulders, or pebbles to add more of the setting to the image, and help to draw the viewer in better.
Related reading: Tips for Better Sunset Photography
Use a Wide Angle
Image: Steve Jurvetson
Wide angle lenses are the lens of choice when doing landscape photography. One of the best ways to use a wide angle for landscapes, is by getting closer to the ground and looking to include elements in the foreground. The distortion effect will cause these objects to appear larger, and more prominent, allowing you to create some eye-catching images.
Change Your Perspective
If your foreground just isn’t working, don’t be afraid to change your angle, or move to a better location. It sounds basic, but you’d be surprised at how many photos are often taken at the same exact vantage point. Make your landscapes unique! Look for a new perspective, or get down lower include more foreground in. You could also try tilting the camera up to capture a more dramatic angle and include more of the sky.
Related reading: How Perspective Impacts Landscape Photography
Create a Frame
Framing is a fun way to add depth to your images. To frame your shot, look for elements that create a natural border around your subject or focal point. Using tree branches as a frame is a popular technique, but you can look for framing opportunities through pieces of driftwood, bridges, or even openings between boulders. You can even create a “frame within a frame” effect by using an arch or a doorway.
Blur the Foreground or the Background
Image: jenny downing
Distracting foregrounds? Blur them out! While some images look best when the whole scene is sharp and in-focus, others can benefit from a softly blurred foreground. Use a wide aperture, or get closer to the foreground to blur it out. Or, consider keeping the foreground sharp, and throwing the background out of focus. Again, use a wide aperture, but remember, the more distance there is between your main subject and the background, the mort background blur there will be. If you’re too close to the subject though, it could blur, so you may have to take a step back to help draw the foreground into focus.
Related reading: How to Create Beautiful Bokeh in Nature Photography
Or Keep It in Focus
Image: Daniel Zedda
To capture an image that’s sharp from foreground to background, you’ll want to use a small aperture and a wide lens for a greater depth of field. You’ll also want find the hyperfocal distance; the point that you should focus on to keep most of your image in focus. Try manually focusing on the furthest object in your scene and then adjust the focusing distance as close as you can while still keeping the background relatively sharp. Or you can use an app like Field Tools to calculate your hyperfocal distance.
Related reading: 11 Steps to Tack-Sharp Landscape Photos
Use a Filter
Image: Jeff P
We’ve all dealt with the frustration of photographing an amazing sunset, only to find that the foreground is woefully underexposed. Using a graduated neutral density filter is a great way to balance the exposure between the sky and the foreground, allowing you to get every part of the image properly exposed. A neutral density filter will also come in handy if you’re doing long exposures in the day since it will let you keep the shutter open for longer. If you’re going to be photographing lakes or other large bodies of water consider a polarizing filter. This filter cuts through the glare on the surface of the water, allowing you to see through the shallows.
Related reading: An Intro to Filters for the Landscape Photographer
Make It the Focal Point
Image: Korona Lacasse
While the foreground is often used to draw your attention through the image, why not make it the main point of interest? In some cases, the foreground is so striking that it demands to be front and center. In this case, it may make more sense to place it as the main focal point in the photo.
Image: Bureau of Land Management
Contrast is a great tool for creating a dynamic, eye-catching image. Consider looking for ways to create contrast with the foreground, and the rest of the photo. For instance, a smooth, calm ocean can be contrasted with rough, jagged rocks in the foreground. Or a cold, snowy mountain peak can be juxtaposed with spring flowers coming through the earth near the front of the scene. Or, look for color contrasts. The bright, bold colors of a sunset would contrast well with the dull, muted colors of the rocks on the beach.
As you can see there are plenty of ways that you can use foreground elements to spruce up your compositions. While it’s easy to focus on the main point of interest in the distance, it’s important to remember that your foreground is important as well. Look for ways to use the foreground to enhance the overall composition, and have fun capturing photos that have depth and interest.
Do you try to include foregrounds in your images?